Hasil Riset Rating Kota Cerdas Indonesia (RKCI) dan Rating Transformasi Digital Indonesia (RTDI) Tahun 2023: Sirkular Ekonomi untuk Peningkatan Kualitas Hidup

Smart City and Community Innovation Center (SCCIC), Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) kembali mengumumkan hasil riset Rating Kota Cerdas Indonesia (RKCI) dan Rating Transformasi Digital Indonesia (RTDI) Tahun 2023. Sebagai salah satu pusat penelitian yang berfokus pada inovasi keberlanjutan pada area urban, SCCIC ITB secara konsisten menyelenggarakan kegiatan riset yang secara rutin dilakukan dua tahun sekali untuk memahami, menganalisis, dan memberikan masukan terhadap perkembangan ekosistem kota cerdas di Indonesia.

Saat ini, hampir seluruh kota di Indonesia telah mengadopsi konsep kota cerdas (smart city) untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan dan meningkatkan potensi kota, namun hasil dari implementasi dari evaluasi terhadap kota masih belum dilakukan secara komprehensif. Banyak presepsi bahwa kota cerdas itu adalah kota yang memiliki berbagai teknologi informasi canggih, padahal lebih penting adalah bagaimana membuat warganya dapat hidup nyaman, bahagia, sejahtera, dan berkelanjutan. Maka dari itu ITB melakukan kegiatan evaluasi berupa riset Rating Kota Cerdas Indonesia dan Rating Transformasi Digital Indonesia untuk mengukur dampak dari implementasi smart city dan transformasi digital yang telah dilakukan suatu kota.

RKCI Tahun 2023 yang telah dilakukan kelima kalinya diikuti sebanyak 30 kota dengan digolongkan menjadi kota besar, sedang, dan kecil. Kategori award tahun ini dibagi dalam 10 kategori, di antaranya kota menuju cerdas, kota dengan ekonomi cerdas, sosial cerdas, lingkungan cerdas, infrastruktur cerdas, kesehatan cerdas, mobilitas cerdas, kota dengan keamanan dan penanggulangan bencana cerdas, tata kelola kota cerdas, dan ekonomi sirkular. Dari penilaian tersebut, juga diperoleh pembagian kota berupa 3 integrated city, 12 scattered city, 11 initiative city, dan 4 ad-hoc city. Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan beberapa temuan diantaranya menunjukan masih ada beberapa tantangan, termasuk ketidaksetaraan akses teknologi, kurangnya literasi digital, tata kelola, SDM dan koordinasi yang belum optimal antara sektor publik dan swasta. Upaya untuk meningkatkan Rating Kota Cerdas perlu difokuskan pada inklusivitas, partisipasi masyarakat, dan keberlanjutan untuk menciptakan kota yang lebih efisien dan berdaya saing.

Hasil riset juga menunjukkan telah terdapat beberapa kota yang secara konsisten melakukan implementasi kota cerdas untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup. Kota Semarang, Bandung, Surakarta, dan Mojokerto telah menunjukkan komitmen dalam mengadopsi teknologi, penguatan tata kelola untuk meningkatkan dan memperbaiki layanan publik seperti pendidikan, kesehatan, lingkungan, ekonomi transportasi, infrastruktur kota dan lain sebagainya.

RTDI Tahun 2023 memasuki tahun kedua kalinya setelah awal mula dilakukan pada Tahun 2021 oleh Institut Teknologi Bandung. Tahun 2023 jumlah kota yang menjadi partisipan sebanyak 21 kota. Pada masing-masing kota sebanyak 12 dinas yang harus terlibat menjadi partisipan. Beberapa kota di Indonesia seperti Semarang, Surabaya, Bogor, dan Probolinggo telah terlihat dampak nyata dari transformasi digital lebih dari satu area.

Implementasi transformasi digital di Indonesia memberikan dampak positif, seperti peningkatan kualitas hidup, efisiensi pelayanan publik, dan pertumbuhan ekonomi, namun tantangan-tantangan yang ada juga perlu segera diatasi agar manfaat ini dapat dirasakan oleh seluruh lapisan masyarakat.

Masa depan Indonesia sebagai negara yang cerdas dan tertransformasi digital sangat bergantung pada kolaborasi antara pemerintah, sektor swasta, dan masyarakat. Diperlukan investasi berkelanjutan dalam infrastruktur teknologi, pendidikan digital, serta kebijakan yang mendukung inovasi dan perlindungan konsumen.

Rating Kota Cerdas dan Rating Transformasi Digital di Indonesia mencerminkan perjalanan yang menarik menuju masa depan yang lebih baik. Dengan terus meningkatkan inisiatif dan mengatasi tantangan, Indonesia dapat menjadi salah satu pemimpin di dunia dalam penerapan teknologi untuk memajukan kehidupan masyarakat. Dengan kerja sama yang kuat antara semua pemangku kepentingan, Indonesia dapat membentuk masa depan yang cerah dan berkelanjutan.

Kepala tim riset SCCIC ITB, Prof. Suhono Harso Supangkat menyatakan, “Riset ini mencerminkan dedikasi kami terhadap memahami dan membentuk masa depan kota cerdas. Hasil-hasil ini tidak hanya menjadi catatan pencapaian, tetapi juga menjadi panduan untuk melangkah maju menuju kota cerdas yang lebih inklusif dan berkelanjutan.”

Dengan disampaikannya laporan riset Rating Kota Cerdas Indonesia (RKCI) dan Rating Transformasi Digital Indonesia (RTDI) Tahun 2023, diharapkan dapat menjadi acuan kota di Indonesia untuk mengetahui kesiapan digital, evaluasi bagi kota yang melakukan implementasi smart city, dan mendapatkan gambaran positioning satu kota terhadap kota yang lain dalam hal kesiapan inisiatif smart city, sehingga dapat menjadi benchmarking positif untuk pengembangan kota-kota di Indonesia.

Hasil riset Rating Kota Cerdas Indonesia dan Rating Transformasi Digital Indonesia Tahun 2023 lebih lengkap dapat dilihat pada file berikut: Laporan RKCI 2023

Integrated Smart System Platform (ISSP)

An Integrated Smart System Platform represents a cutting-edge smart city solution designed to enhance situational awareness in urban environments. This comprehensive platform seamlessly integrates various technologies, including IoT sensors, data analytics, and real-time communication networks to create a holistic ecosystem that enables cities to monitor and respond to a wide range of situations efficiently. By collecting and analyzing data from sources like traffic cameras, environmental sensors, and public services, it empowers city officials to make informed decisions, optimize resource allocation, and improve overall quality of life for residents. With its ability to detect and react to various events, from traffic congestion and pollution levels to emergency situations, the Integrated Smart System Platform plays a pivotal role in transforming cities into more sustainable, secure, and responsive urban spaces, ultimately making them better places to live and work.

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Video Analytics with Artificial Intelligence (VIANA)

VIANA Plat Number Recognition

A system that uses cameras to detect and record numbers on vehicle plates. This system is usually used for traffic surveillance, security monitoring and vehicle owner data collection. This can help improve efficiency in traffic monitoring and help overcome problems such as congestion, leaks and accidents.

VIANA Platform Mobility

A system that uses cameras to perform mobility analysis. This system is usually used to monitor and analyze traffic activities, including the number of vehicles, speed, routes and time. This information can then be used to understand mobility patterns and make informed decisions about traffic management, road infrastructure and public transport.

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Cognitive City Platform as Digital Public Infrastructure for Developing a Smart, Sustainable and Resilient City in Indonesia

By: Okyza Maherdy Prabowo, Suhono Harso Supangkat, Eueung Mulyana, I Gusti Bagus Baskara Nugraha

In conjunction with the rapid pace of urbanization, cities across the globe are encountering several issues about environmental management, social welfare, and economic growth. These issues led to the development of the smart city concept. The notion of a smart city encompasses the integration of human beings as valuable social entities, engaging with infrastructure and technology to foster economic development within a conducive environment. The concept of a smart city is to establish a cohesive and interlinked system wherein individuals, technology, and the environment coexist harmoniously to foster economic advancement, environmental sustainability, and an enhanced standard of living for all inhabitants

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Digital Twin for Roads and Bridges

By: Suhono Harso Supangkat, Fadhil Hidayat, Agustinus Bambang Setyadji, Taqia Rahman (UGM), Mukhammad Rizka Fahmi Amrozi (UGM), Sony Hartono Wijaya (IPB), Sri Wahjuni (IPB), Reyes Garcia (University of Warwick), Irwanda Laory (University of Warwick), Ayu Latifah, Ahmad Ali Hakam Dani, Noor Falih, Yusuf Ayuba, Iswandaru Widyatmoko (AECOM)

Research on Digital Twin technology for road and bridge infrastructure has emerged due to several compelling reasons. Roads and bridges are integral to our daily lives and economic progress. However, the increasing complexity of this infrastructure brings challenges related to efficient monitoring, maintenance, and development. It is crucial to enhance our approaches to managing and maintaining these vital components to maximize their benefits for society and the economy. This research is the result of collaboration between several prestigious institutions both in Indonesia and abroad, including Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), Gadjah Mada University (UGM), Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB), and Warwick University in the United Kingdom. Each researcher contributes their expertise in their respective fields to produce high-quality research in the development of this technology.

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Artificial Intelligence for Disaster Prevention and Mitigation

By: Hastie Audytra, Suhono Harso Supangkat, Harkunti Pertiwi Rahayu

Disasters have a significant impact on communities, causing damage to infrastructure, loss of life, and displacement of people. In Indonesia, according to UU No. 24 year 2007 Article 5, the Government and local governments are responsible for disaster management. Therefore, the Government established the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB). But there are some of the potential limitations of BNPB could include:

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Smart Football: Integrated System for Analyzing Match and Players provided in Dashboard

By: Steve Immanuel Harnadi, Zachrandika Alif Syahreza, M. Ibnu Syah Hafizh, Parnaek R. Siagian, Gian Denggan Bendjamin, Thomas Stefen Mardianto, Suhono Harso Supangkat

Indonesia, as the one of biggest country in South East Asian region, has lots of potential players playing in football’s national team. Nevertheless, the football’s national team achievement still needs lots of improvement because current Indonesia’s FIFA world ranking is only in 149th from total 200 countries joining FIFA federation. The ranking’s position is overally still under another teams from South East Asian region such as Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, or even Malaysia. Hence, according to the background, we develop the project to contribute for football’s national team development as Integrated System for analyzing match in Indonesia overally and also player’s performance.

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City Sensing

By: Mindit Eriyadi, Suhono Harso Supangkat, Fadhil Hidayat

Digitalization and the Internet of Things (IoT) are increasingly assisting cities in improving quality of life. To understand the phenomenon, it is necessary to study city sensing 9 capabilities from the hyperlocal to the city scale, interconnection of sensing at various levels, and difficulties associated with managing innovations based on IoT data and devices. Using city sensing technology, local governments and policymakers can better comprehend the requirements and challenges of urban areas, resulting in more efficient and effective decisionmaking. For instance, data on traffic patterns can inform the development of transportation infrastructure, while data on air quality can contribute to pollution-reduction policies. City sensing and data analytics can positively affect Indonesia by providing valuable insights into urban life, facilitating more efficient and effective decision-making, enhancing the quality of life, and fostering innovation and economic growth. However, several issues remain and must be addressed during the implementation of digital city sensing.

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Development of a Smart City Platform Based on Digital Twin Technology for Monitoring and Supporting Decision-Making

By: Ahmad Ali Hakam Dani, Suhono Harso Supangkat, Fetty Fitriyanti Lubis, I Gusti Bagus Baskara Nugraha, Rezky Kinanda, Irma Rizkia

Information and communication technology’s role in developing smart city platforms has allowed cities to grow smarter in recent years. In order to develop a smart city platform, digital twin technology can be implemented to monitor and simulate the city’s conditions. Furthermore, it can function as a precise decision-support system. Digital twins can be combined with augmented reality technology to develop a smart city platform. The combination of these two technologies aims to visualize data for monitoring and simulating conditions in a city. The primary concern about the necessity of a digital twin platform in smart cities pertains to creating a robust digital twin-enabled smart city platform that can efficiently monitor urban conditions and provide significant insights for decision-making. Hence, this research aims to develop a smart city platform with digital twins as its foundation.

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Process Identification Framework for Robotic Process Automation

By: Noor Falih, Suhono Harso Supangkat, Fetty Fitriyanti Lubis

Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a business process automation and is seen as a technological innovation in the field of computer science and information technology. Its main objective is to replace human tasks with virtual workforce or digital workers that perform the same tasks as humans with the assistance of software robots. For companies that will implement RPA, one of the main challenges is to understand where to apply RPA. Identifying processes for RPA is crucial to ensure that RPA is used appropriately and makes a positive difference to the business. By identifying processes, complex tasks that are not suitable for automation using RPA can be eliminated.

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